As you may know, each year, the U.S. government makes available a limited amount of visas in the H-1B Specialty Occupation temporary work visa classification. For its Fiscal Year 2014, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services ("USCIS") will begin to accept H-1B cap petitions for filing starting on April 1, 2013, six months before the start of Fiscal Year 2014.
What Is the H-1B Annual Quota?
The annual cap or quota on H-1B visas is 85,000. Of that number, 20,000 are reserved for foreign nationals who have received a master's or more advanced degree from a United States university. However, not all employers are subject to the cap. For example, employers filing H-1B petition extensions or amendments on behalf of foreign nationals already working in H-1B visa status for the existing employer are exempt from the quota. In addition, employers filing new petitions to change H-1B employers on behalf of a foreign national working in H-1B visa status for a different employer are also exempt from the quota (except where the foreign national is currently employed by a cap-exempt employer such as a U.S. institution of higher education and now is switching to a cap-subject private employer).
When Can an Employer File?
USCIS will start accepting cap petitions on Monday, April 1, 2013. An employer may send a petition for filing no earlier than Friday, March 29, 2013, to arrive by overnight courier service at USCIS the following Monday. The date received at the appropriate USCIS Service Center having jurisdiction over the place of intended employment is the date that counts for "filing" purposes. A petition received earlier than April 1st will automatically be rejected. Petitions received starting Monday, April 1 through Friday, April 5 will be treated the same for cap-counting purposes, as USCIS will wait for those five business days before processing. If USCIS should receive more than the sufficient number of petitions in the five days to use up the annual quota, as it has in the past, it then will hold a lottery to randomly select by computer generation those petitions it will process. Petitions not selected will be returned to the employers. If the H-1B cap is not reached during the initial five-day period, then USCIS will continue to accept petitions until the quota is reached.
We Recommend Employers Start to Prepare Now
No one knows how early the H-1B cap will be reached this year. Last year, it was reached on June 11, 2012. Early preparation of an employer's petition is therefore critical. Preparing and processing H-1B cap petitions is a lengthy procedure that first requires obtaining an approved Labor Condition Application ("LCA") from the U.S. Department of Labor (the "DOL") before the petition may even be filed with USCIS. The DOL has seven days in which to approve or certify the LCA; however, for employers filing an LCA for the first time, it will take longer for the DOL to verify the employer's FEIN, therefore delaying the certification. If the foreign national's degree is not from a U.S. institution of higher education, it must first be independently evaluated in terms of its equivalency to a U.S. degree, a bachelor's being the minimum requirement (or equivalent work experience using a designated formula of 3 years of work experience for every academic year of college missing). All of these actions take time. Demand for H-1B cap petitions may well be greater this fiscal year than in the past several years due to increased hiring in many economic sectors. Accordingly, we recommend that employers start to gather documentation promptly and plan to submit their petitions on April 1, 2013, in order to increase the likelihood of getting one of the coveted H-1B visas.
On October 10, James Bowers will share his personal perspectives on the History of Slavery and Race in South Carolina at UConn School of Law.
Day Pitney Alert
Rachel Gonzalez, Mary Rogers and Patrick McCarthy wrote an article "NLRB Eases Organizing of Temporary Workers" for CBIA’s H&R Safety Newsletter on the impact of the recent decision of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB).
Dan Schwartz and James Leva wrote an article, "Where New Conn. Ban-The-Box Law May Be Headed," for Law360. The article outlines what employers need to know about Connecticut's recently enacted "ban-the-box" law, titled "An Act Concerning Fair Chance Employment."
Day Pitney Alert
Michael Furey was quoted in an article, "NJ Panel Grills Hospitals Over Discovery In Horizon Row," in Law360. Day Pitney is representing five New Jersey hospitals in a lawsuit against Horizon Healthcare, relating to its new, multi-tiered health plan called OMNIA. Furey advocated on behalf of the five hospitals on Wednesday before a New Jersey appeals court that Horizon should turn over a consultant's report and certain agreements relating to how Horizon categorized hospitals under its controversial OMNIA Alliance program and the impact of OMNIA on the hospitals. These Tier 2 hospitals are alleging various claims, including breach of contract and citing concerns that being ranked in the lower tier of the program will cost them business. Horizon contends the sought-after materials, including a financial analysis, strategic alliance agreements and rate agreements between the insurer and OMNIA network hospitals, contain trade secret and confidential information. "If we're going to prove our hospitals should be Tier 1 alliance members, we need the documents and the information," Furey said.
Hartford, Conn., May 26, 2016 - Day Pitney LLP is pleased to announce that Employment and Labor attorney Albert Zakarian has been chosen as a Lifetime Achievement winner of The Connecticut Law Tribune’s second annual Professional Excellence Awards 2016. The Professional Excellence Awards 2016 recognize 28 lawyers, who were chosen from over 60 nominees, as either Lawyer of the Year or Lifetime Achievement recipients, according to The Connecticut Law Tribune. The Lifetime Achievement Awards honor "attorneys who have excelled over a career."
John McLafferty was quoted in an article, "Final overtime regulations less drastic than feared," in Massachusetts Lawyers Weekly. In the article, McLafferty discusses how the Department of Labor’s final revised federal overtime regulation will impact businesses. "The reality is that the rule made more people eligible for overtime; it didn’t create any obligation for employers to pay more overtime," he said. McLafferty added that the regulation’s impact on employees could have a wider effect on office culture and policies, which may affect a company’s ability to attract and retain workers. In addition, he noted that employers should take this opportunity to ensure that all of their employees are properly classified for overtime purposes.
Albert Zakarian has been chosen as a winner of The Connecticut Law Tribune's second annual Professional Excellence Awards. The awards recognize two dozen lawyers for outstanding service to the profession during their long careers. The publication received more than 70 nominations. Profiles of awardees will appear in the Law Tribune in May. An event will also be held in May to recognize the winners. More about the awards can be found here.
Howard Fetner was quoted in an article, "Judge Allows Company to Withhold Benefits From Departing Employee," in The Connecticut Law Tribune. Fetner represented Community Health Center, Inc. (CHC), a statewide company that provides health care services to low-income patients, in a case in which a former CHC employee sought to recover compensation for unused paid time off. Following a trial, the court ruled in favor of CHC, reinforcing an employer's right to condition the payment of compensation for accrued fringe benefits upon an employee's giving a specified amount of advance notice of termination.