Sorry, but This Is Just Between Us
Striking a blow to plaintiffs in a civil action, the Supreme Court of New York refused to grant summary judgment based on a nonprosecution agreement between the defendant and the New York County District Attorney's Office. In the agreement, the defendant neither admitted nor denied liability. The court concluded that the agreement did not render any facts proved and would not estop the defendant from litigating in the civil case the facts in the agreement.
Don't Blame the Messenger
Investors in a Ponzi scheme have no recourse against the traders who executed its trades, according to the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. The court ruled there was no allegation that the traders knew about the scheme, and the traders' failure to investigate whether it was a Ponzi scheme did not rise to the level of recklessness. Although it applies to a civil action, the ruling may limit criminal liability for traders similarly caught up in unwittingly helping Ponzi schemers.
Why It's Safe To Go to Trial
A federal district judge in Washington, DC, rebuked the government's attempt to "retaliate against defendant for exercising his [Sixth Amendment] rights" by going to trial instead of pleading guilty. The government sought to have the judge sentence the defendant, a former cohort of Jack Abramoff, to 210 to 262 months' incarceration-a guideline range far higher than any the government had agreed to with respect to the other defendants in the Abramoff prosecutions. The defendant accused the government of changing its guideline-calculation methodology and retaliating against him because he did not plead guilty. The judge refused the government's request, setting a guideline range of 46 to 57 months.
I Meant What I Said, and I Said What I Meant
The 7th Circuit rejected a defendant's appeal from the district court's decision that relied on facts to which the defendant had stipulated. In his plea agreement, the defendant agreed that his fraudulent scheme had affected "at least 60 investors." The district court added spouses and other family members to that number, which increased the guideline range to 78 months. And the district court sentenced the defendant to 120 months' imprisonment. In leaving the district court's ruling and sentence undisturbed, the 7th Circuit held that "[a] defendant who stipulates to facts as part of a written plea agreement also waives challenges to the district court's reliance on those facts."
"V" for Vendetta
Prosecutors who the district court found acted in bad faith were slightly vindicated by the 11th Circuit decision overturning that ruling. The defendant, acquitted of 141 counts of illegally dispensing pharmaceuticals and witness tampering, sought legal fees based on a claim under the Hyde Amendment for vexatious prosecution. The prosecutors had threatened additional charges if the defendant filed a suppression motion, illegally recorded the defendant's conversations, and failed to disclose favorable treatment for government witnesses against the defendant-all of which constituted bad faith according to the district court and led to its ruling that the government owed the defendant $600,000 in attorney fees. In reversing that decision, the 11th Circuit reasoned that "[a] finding of bad faith under the Hyde Amendment cannot rest on evidence of displeasure or subjective ill-will alone."
Mark Salah Morgan authored an article, "Strengthening Egypt's IP Laws Could Help Fight Brain Drain," which was published in Law360.
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Dina Kapur Sanna and Carl A. Merino co-authored an article, "Long Arm of the Law: The Risk to U.S. Practitioners of Prosecution for Facilitating Foreign Tax Offenses," (subscription required) in the June 2017 issue of Trusts & Estates Magazine.
On June 15, Dina Kapur Sanna and Carl A. Merino moderated a discussion panel at the Cambridge International Wealth Advisors Forum 2.0 held in Lisbon about the role of wealth advisors as "gatekeepers" to the financial system and measures being implemented by different jurisdictions to combat money laundering and tax evasion, including obligations imposed on lawyers and other advisors.
Day Pitney Newsletter
Jed Davis was quoted in an article, "'Click Fraud' Trial To Test Reach Of Feds' Cybercrime Powers," in Law360.
Steven Cash was quoted in a pair of articles, "Trump-Mueller tensions escalate," published in The Hill; and "Jeff Sessions' appointment of special prosecutor bites Trump," published in The Washington Times.
Eric Fader was quoted in an article, "Nurses Hit Hardest by Medicare and Medicaid Exclusions," published in Bloomberg BNA's Health Care Fraud Report.
Stan Twardy, Elizabeth Latif and Eric Sussman were successful in having a federal judge dismiss a False Claims Act lawsuit against our client Sikorsky Aircraft Corp.
Danielle Corcione was quoted by Law360 in the article titled "Attys Dish on Escobar's FCA Impact One Year Later," in which she commented on the U.S. Supreme Court's decision one year ago in Universal Health Services v. Escobar and its impact on False Claims Act litigation.