Cloak and Dagger
The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals held that one can violate the Economic Espionage Act of 1996 (EEA) even if the pilfered trade secret would not benefit a direct competitor on the specific project. The court reasoned that if the use of the trade secret could help a competitor bid against the company holding the trade secret, the elements of the EEA are satisfied.
Obstructing the Unknown
A sentencing court can apply the two-point Guidelines § 3C1.1 obstruction-of-justice enhancement for lying, even if the defendant does not know about the federal investigation, according to this 9th Circuit opinion. That court reasoned that "[b]ecause [the defendant] willfully provided false testimony under oath after the FBI had initiated its investigation, and his perjury directly involved two of the counts of which he was convicted, the district court properly applied the § 3C1.1 obstruction enhancement."
Exercised Over (Backdated) Options
Rejecting a barrage of allegations of prosecutorial misconduct, the 9th Circuit affirmed the conviction of Gregory Reyes, former CEO of Brocade Communications, for backdating options. The court also held that the failure to disclose that his options were backdated was material within the context of securities fraud because a jury could find that "Brocade's true financial condition was not disclosed to investors," which is always material.
Lifting the Veil of Secrecy
U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder wrote the chair of the Advisory Committee on the Criminal Rules, recommending an amendment to Rule 6(e), which governs the secrecy of grand-jury materials. In his letter, Holder suggested that "archival grand-jury materials of great historical significance" should be permitted to be disclosed "in appropriate circumstances." He asserted that such a change would "provide a temporal end point for grand-jury secrecy with respect to materials that become part of the permanent records of the National Archives." The effort would blunt federal-court efforts to create a "historical significance" exception to Rule 6(e).
There's a New Sheriff in Town
The first superintendent of the newly created New York Department of Financial Services (DFS), Benjamin Lawsky, set forth the mission of the DFS in a press release. Mr. Lawsky said the DFS has three goals: (1) "keeping New York on the cutting edge as the financial capital of the world," (2) "protecting consumers better than ever before" and (3) "serving as a model of efficient government."
You'd Better Pay That Fine or Else, Um . . . Oh, Never Mind
The 2d Circuit held that the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority Inc. (FINRA) has no authority to bring court actions to collect disciplinary fines. FINRA, a self-regulatory organization (SRO), is "responsible for conducting investigations and commencing disciplinary proceedings against member firms." But the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 provides "no express statutory authority for SRO's to bring judicial actions to enforce the collection of fines." Therefore, while FINRA may impose a fine, it may not sue to collect it.
So What if It'll Never Work
The 8th Circuit broadly interpreted an obstruction provision of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The court held that Congress described the requisite intent of § 1519 clearly by prohibiting "knowingly falsifying a document, in contemplation of a federal matter," regardless of whether the obstruction would likely succeed.
Hawaii Prisoners Commit Fraud; Texas Prisoners Don't Eat
The Commodity Futures Trading Commission settled its suit against two people who ran a Ponzi scheme from a prison in Hawaii. The Texas Department of Criminal Justice will limit prisoners to two meals per day on weekends.
Day Pitney Newsletter
Mark Salah Morgan authored an article, "Strengthening Egypt's IP Laws Could Help Fight Brain Drain," which was published in Law360.
Day Pitney Newsletter
Dina Kapur Sanna and Carl A. Merino co-authored an article, "Long Arm of the Law: The Risk to U.S. Practitioners of Prosecution for Facilitating Foreign Tax Offenses," in the June 2017 issue of Trusts & Estates.
On June 15, Dina Kapur Sanna and Carl A. Merino moderated a discussion panel at the Cambridge International Wealth Advisors Forum 2.0 held in Lisbon about the role of wealth advisors as "gatekeepers" to the financial system and measures being implemented by different jurisdictions to combat money laundering and tax evasion, including obligations imposed on lawyers and other advisors.
Adam Grant was quoted in an article, "Content Requirements in Angola Cost Halliburton More Than $29 Million in SEC Disgorgement and Penalties," published in The Anti-Corruption Report.
Jed Davis was quoted in an article, "'Click Fraud' Trial To Test Reach Of Feds' Cybercrime Powers," in Law360.
Steven Cash was quoted in a pair of articles, "Trump-Mueller tensions escalate," published in The Hill; and "Jeff Sessions' appointment of special prosecutor bites Trump," published in The Washington Times.
Eric Fader was quoted in an article, "Nurses Hit Hardest by Medicare and Medicaid Exclusions," published in Bloomberg BNA's Health Care Fraud Report.
Stan Twardy, Elizabeth Latif and Eric Sussman were successful in having a federal judge dismiss a False Claims Act lawsuit against our client Sikorsky Aircraft Corp.